Measures
Dash 1/8 teaspoon (tsp.)
3 tsp. 1 Tablespoon (Tbsp.)
2 Tbsp. 1 fluid ounce (fl.oz.)
4 Tbsp. 2 fl.oz. 1/4 cup (c.)
5 1/3 Tbsp. 2 2/3 fl.oz. 1/3 c.
8 Tbsp. 4 fl.oz. 1/2 c.
16 Tbsp. 8 fl.oz. 1 c.
2 c. 16 fl.oz. 1 pint (pt.)
2 pt. 32 fl.oz 1quart (qt.)
4 c. 2 pt. 1 qt.
4 qt. 128 fl.oz. 1 gallon (gal.)
2 gal. 1 peck
4 pecks 1 bushel


Weight of Common Ingredients

Food Weight of 1 Cup
All-purpose flour, sifted 5 oz.
Butter or solid shortening 8 oz.
Cake flour, sifted 3 1/2 oz.
Cheese, grated 4 oz.
Eggs, whole 8 oz.
Honey 12 oz.
Milk 8 oz.
Nuts, coarsely chopped 4 oz.
Sugar, granulated 7 oz.
Sugar, light brown, packed 7 1/2 oz.
Sugar, powdered 4 oz.
Vegetable oil 9 oz.



Metric Conversions

1 oz. 28.35 grams (g)
4 oz. 100 grams (g)
1 pound (lb.) 454 grams (g)
2.2 lb. 1 kilogram (kg)
1 tsp. 5 milliliters (ml)
1 Tbsp. 15 milliliters (ml)
1 c. 250 milliliters (ml)
1 pt. 600 milliliters (ml)
1 qt. 1 litre 200 milliliters
1 gal. 3.8 litre



Temperatures

32 F freezing point of water 0 C
180 F simmering point of water 82 C
212 F boiling point of water 100 C
225 F   110 C
240 F soft ball stage for sugar syrup 116 C
250 F   130 C
260 F hard ball stage for sugar syrup 127 C
275 F   140 C
300 F hard crack stage for sugar syrup 150 C
325 F   170 C
338 F sugar caramelizes 175 C
350 F   180 C
375 F   190 C
400 F Oven Moderately Hot 200 C
425 F Oven Fairly Hot 220 C
450 F Oven Hot 230 C
475 F Oven Very Hot 240 C
500 F Oven Extremely Hot 250 C



Substitutions

1 c. cake flour 1 c. minus 2 Tbsp all-purpose flour
1 Tbsp. cornstarch 2 Tbsp. all-purpose flour
1 tsp. baking powder 1/2 tsp. cream of tarter plus 1/4 tsp. baking soda
1 package active dry yeast 1 cake compressed yeast or 2 1/4 tsp. yeast
1 c. sugar 1 c. packed brown sugar or 2 c. powdered sugar
1 c. honey 1 1/4 c. sugar plus 1/4 c. liquid
1 c. corn syrup 1 c. sugar plus 1/4 c. liquid
1 square (1 oz.) unsweetened chocolate 3 Tbsp. unsweetened cocoa powder plus 1 Tbsp. shortening or cooking oil
1 c. buttermilk 1 cup plain yogurt, or 1 Tbsp. Lemon juice or vinegar plus enough whole milk to make 1 cup (let stand 5 minutes before using), or 1 c. whole milk plus 1 3/4 tsp. cream of tartar
1 c. light cream 1 Tbsp. melted butter plus enough milk to make 1 c.
Cilantro Chinese Parsley or Fresh Green Coriander
1 Tbsp. cut fresh herbs 1 tsp. crumbled dried herbs or
1/4 to 1/2 tsp. ground dried herbs
1 tsp. poultry seasoning 3/4 tsp. ground sage and 1/4 tsp. ground thyme
1 tsp. italian seasoning 1/4 tsp. each of crumbled dried oregano; marjoram; basil and 1/8 tsp. rubbed sage
1 tsp. apple pie spice 1 tsp. cinnamon and 1/8 tsp. nutmeg
1 tsp. pumpkin pie spice 1 tsp. cinnamon, 1/4 tsp. ginger, 1/8 tsp. nutmeg and 1/8 tsp. allspice

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Barricks Insurance Services
276 N El Camino Real #6, Oceanside, CA 92058
Phone (760) 433-0300  |  Fax: (760) 433-0304
Toll-Free 1-877-Look4Life  (1-877-566-5454)

©1995  Barricks Insurance Services. CA License #0383850